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Functional and Catalytic Characterization of the Detoxifying Enzyme Haloalkane Dehalogenase from Rhizobium leguminosarum

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Nikolaos Georgakis , Evangelia Chronopoulou , Maria Anna Gad , Dimitrios Skliros, Rodica Efrose , Emmanouil Flemetakis and Nikolaos E. Labrou*   Pages 599 - 608 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Haloalkane dehalogenases (EC 3.8.1.5, HLDs) are α/β-hydrolases which catalyze the irreversible cleavage of carbon-halogen bonds of haloalkanes, producing an alcohol, a halide and a hydrogen ion. Haloalkanes are acutely toxic to animals and humans and their toxic effects are mainly observed in the liver, kidneys and central nervous system.

Objective: In the present work, the haloalkane dehalogenase from Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii (DrlA) was characterized.

Method: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis and enzyme activity assays revealed that the DrlA gene expression in R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii is induced by 1,2- dibromoethane (1,2-DBE) during the early exponential phase. The gene of the enzyme was isolated, cloned and expressed in E. coli Rosetta (DE3).

Results: Recombinant DrlA displays its high catalytic activity towards 1,2-DBE and the long-chain haloalkane 1-iodohexane. Limited activity was observed for other aliphatic and cyclic haloalkanes, indicating that the enzyme displays restricted substrate specificity, compared to other bacterial HLDs. Homology modelling and phylogenetic analysis suggested that the enzyme belongs to the HLD-II subfamily and shares the same overall fold and domain organization as other bacterial HLDs, however major variations were identified at the hydrophobic substrate-binding cavity, the cap domain and the entrance of the main tunnel that affect the size of the active site pocket and the substrate recognition mechanism.

Conclusion: This work sheds new light on the environmental fate and toxicity of 1,2-DBE and provides new knowledge on the structure, function and diversity of HLDs for developing applications in toxicology.

Keywords:

Bioremediation, 1, 2-Dibromoethane, haloalkane dehalogenase, hydrolase, Rhizobium leguminosarum, toxicity.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos Street, GR-11855-Athens, Laboratory of Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos Street, GR-11855-Athens, Laboratory of Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos Street, GR-11855-Athens, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Department of Experimental and Applied Biology, NIRDBS-Institute of Biological Research Iasi, Lascar Catargi 47, 700107 Iasi, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Laboratory of Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos Street, GR- 11855-Athens

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