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Discovery and Biochemical Characterization of a Thermostable Glucose-1-phosphate Nucleotidyltransferase from Thermodesulfatator indicus

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Qian Li, Ying-Ying Huang, Louis Patrick Conway, Meng He, Shuang Wei, Kun Huang, Xu-Chu Duan, Sabine L. Flitsch and Josef Voglmeir*   Pages 729 - 734 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: The biosynthesis of NDP-glucoses is based on the nucleotide transfer from NTP donor substrates to glucose-1-phosphates catalyzed by glucose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferases.

Objectives: The cloning and biochemical characterization of a glucose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase (TiGPNT) from the deep sea bacterium Thermodesulfatator indicus.

Methods: The biochemical parameters of recombinant TiGPNT were determined using a plate reader-based coupled enzymatic assay, in which the reaction product UDP-glucose is oxidized in the presence of NAD+ forming UDP-Glucuronic acid and NADH. The substrate promiscuity of the enzyme was determined using thin-layer chromatography and MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry.

Results: TiGPNT was recombinantly expressed under the control of the T7 promoter in Escherichia coli and could be successfully enriched by heat treatment at 80°C for 30 min. The obtained enzyme worked best at pH 7.5 and the optimum reaction temperature was determined to be 50°C. Interestingly, TiGPNT could fully retain its activity even after extended incubation periods at temperatures of up to 80°C. The enzyme was strongly inhibited in the presence of Cu2+ and Fe2+ ions and EDTA. Among the tested glycosyl donor substrates, TiGPNT showed strict specificity towards glucose-1-phosphate. At the same time, TiGPNT was highly promiscuous towards all tested nucleotide donor substrates.

Conclusion: TiGPNT shows comparable biochemical features in regards to pH optima, temperature optima and the substrate specificity to characterized glucose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase from other species. The enzyme was capable of utilizing glucose-1-phosphate and all tested nucleoside triphosphate donors as substrates. The high activity of the enzyme and the simple purification protocol make TiGPNT an interesting new biocatalyst for the synthesis of glucose-diphospho nucleosides.

Keywords:

Glucose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase, Thermodesulfatator indicus, NDP-glucose, nucleotide sugars, enzymatic assay, substrate specificity.

Affiliation:

Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, Glycomics and Glycan Bioengineering Research Center (GGBRC), College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing

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