Sheng-Kuo Hsieh, Yu-Jen Yu, Nou-Ying Tang, Jhao-Ren Lin and Tzyy-Rong Jinn* Pages 1021 - 1029 ( 9 )
Background: Mastoparan B (MPB) is a venom peptide isolated from Vespa basalis (black-bellied hornet), one of the dangerous vespine wasps found in Taiwan. MPB is a tetradecapeptide (LKLKSIVSWAKKVL), amphiphilic venom peptide, with a molecular mass of 1.6 kDa. MPB belongs to an evolutionarily conserved component of the innate immune response against microbes. In this study, we attempted to modify a reliable oleosin-based fusion expression strategy coupled with the artificial oil body (AOB)-cyanogen bromide (CNBr) platform to produce bioactive MPB.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop an artificial oil body (AOB)-cyanogen bromide (CNBr) platform to produce the bioactive form of mastoparan B (MPB), which in a manner identical to that of its native counterpart.
Methods: The plasmid pET30-His6-rOle(127M→L)-MPB was constructed, and then four different E. coli strains- BL21(DE3), BL21(DE3)pLysS, C41(DE3), and C43(DE3) were tested to identify the most suitable host for the pET30-His6-rOle(127M→L)-MPB fusion protein expression. We optimized the expression conditions by testing different growth temperatures, isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG) concentrations, and post-induction collection times. Afterwards, the His6-rOle(127M→L)-MPB protein was purified by one-step nickel-chelated affinity chromatography (Ni2+-NTA) under denaturing conditions. The purified His6-rOle(127M→L)-MPB was selectively cleaved by thrombin protease to remove the His6-tag and the leader peptide from the N-terminus. Subsequently, rOle(127M→L)-MPB protein was constituted into AOB and incubated with CNBr for a cleavage reaction, which resulted in the release of the MPB from rOle(127M→L)-MPB protein via AOB. The purified MPB was identified by MALDI-MS and HPLC analysis, and its bioactivity was examined by antimicrobial testing.
Results: After a 2-h induction period, the E. coli C43(DE3) was found to be superior to BL21(DE3) and the other protease-deficient strains as an expression host. And, the optimal His6-rOle(127M→L)-MPB expression at 37°C for 2 h after induction with 5 µM IPTG. The purified MPB showed that a single major peak was detected by HPLC/UV detection with a retention time of 22.5 minutes, which was approximately 90% pure. The putative MPB, and over two-third of the peptide sequence was verified by the MALDI-MS analysis. Finally, the purified MPB was examined by a broth dilution-antimicrobial susceptibility test. These results indicated that the purified MPB was bioactive and very effective in anti-bacterial (E. coli J96) activity. Here, we successfully used the oleosin-based fusion expression strategy coupled with the artificial oil body (AOB)-cyanogen bromide (CNBr) platform to produce bioactive MPB peptide which, in a manner identical to that of its native counterpart.
Conclusion: In this study, the recombinant oleosin based fusion strategy coupled with AOB-CNBr purification platform open a new avenue for the production of active MPB and facilitate the studies and applications of the peptide in the future for medicinal applications such as hypotension and antibacterial effect.
Artificial oil bodies, cyanogen bromide, Escherichia coli C43(DE3), mastoparan B, oleosin-fusion protein, venom peptide.
School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Department of Pediatrics, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung