Sarbashri Bank, Pradipta Jana, GV Girish, Asru K Sinha and Smarajit Maiti* Pages 1066 - 1072 ( 7 )
Background: Organic “nitro” compounds such as nitroglycerine, isosorbide dinitrate are useful in the control of chest pain in acute coronary syndrome. But the mechanism of it in pain regulation remains speculative. Here, increase of NO production was investigated by the possible regulation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) function from goat arterial endothelial cells. This protein was purified and sequence wise characterized as protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) in response to different nitro compounds.
Method: The NO generating protein was isolated from arterial endothelial cells and prepared to homogeneity. NO was determined by methemoglobin method. Protein sequence was analyzed by (µLC/MS/MS).
Results: A protein of Mr. ~57 kDa was isolated and found to be activated by not only “nitro” compounds but also by acetyl salicylic acid, insulin and glucose. The global BLAST of the protein sequence showed a significant alignment of the protein sequence with PDI. This protein trivially called pluri activator stimulated endothelial NOS (PLASENOS). The enzyme was stimulated by the above-mentioned activators in the presence of Ca2+. Lineweaver-Burk plot of this NOS like activities were demonstrated with its specific substrate l-arginine as Vmax = 5(nmol NO/mg of protein/hr) and Km≈ 0.5µM by the above activators. The enzyme activity was inhibited by the l-NAME, the specific inhibitor of NOS.
Conclusion: The organic nitro compounds, acetyl salicylic acid, insulin and glucose were found to activate PLASENOS in the arterial endothelial cells for a continuous supply of NO to control the chest pain in acute coronary syndrome.
Nitro compounds, insulin, nitric oxide, glucose, pain, PLASENOS.
Cell & Molecular Therapeutic lab, Department of Biochemistry, Vidyasagar University, Midnapur-721102, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, West Bengal 700019, Sinha Institute of medical Science & Technology, Garia, Kolkata-700084, Sinha Institute of medical Science & Technology, Garia, Kolkata-700084, Cell & Molecular Therapeutic lab, Department of Biochemistry, Vidyasagar University, Midnapur-721102