Adriana M. Patarroyo-Vargas, Yaremis B. Merino-Cabrera*, Jose C. Zanuncio, Francelina Rocha, Wellington G. Campos and Maria Goreti de Almeida Oliveira Pages 1040 - 1047 ( 8 )
Background: Enzyme kinetics contributes to understanding the structure and function of insect digestive serine proteases. Kinetic parameters allow to understanding active sites and mechanisms of enzymes efficacy, identifying the inhibition of the insects digestive protease system by inhibitors produced by plants, or via the application of synthetic inhibitors
Objectives: The aim of this study was to purify digestive serine proteases of A. gemmatalis, determining their kinetic properties using the chromogenic substrates tripeptidyl and characterizing the effects of synthetic inhibitors on their activity. In order to provide new opportunities for sustainable pest management through the development of protease inhibitors.
Methods: The enzymes were purified on p-aminobenzamidine agarose affinity column in an FPLC system using electrophoresis with 12.5% polyacrylamide gel. Michaelis-Menten constants and the inhibition model were determined according to the Dixon methodology and Lineweaver-Burk's double reciprocal.
Results: The KM values and catalytic constants of peptide substrates show that A. gemmatalis trypsin- like has a higher affinity for substrates with arginine in the P1 position. Inhibition by Gor 3, Gor 4, and Gor 5, in the presence of L-BApNA, was linear competitive. The inhibition constant for the Gor 5 peptide was higher due to its strong interaction with hydrophobic residues in the secondary site region of A. gemmatalis trypsin-like.
Conclusion: It is observed that among the three peptides analyzed, the Gor 5 presented lower inhibition constant and therefore, the most potent among the tested ones. The predominance of hydrophobic residues in the region of the secondary site of the enzymes favored the interaction of the peptide. After characterization by three different types of graphs profiles, it is possible to verify that the inhibition model of the trypsin-like enzymes for the tested peptides is of the linear competitive type, in the concentration range of inhibitors and substrates analyzed. However, by the graphing profiles it is observed that the inhibition occurred due to the interaction of the peptides at the secondary site S2' in the hydrophobic cavity of the enzymes analyzed.
Dixon, enzymes, gut, inhibition, serine proteases, A. gemmatalis.
Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, 36570-000 Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, 36570-000 Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Departamento de Entomologia/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, 36570-000 Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Departamento de Entomologia/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, 36570-000 Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Instituto de Biotecnologia aplicada a Agropecuaria, BIOAGRO-UFV, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Instituto de Biotecnologia aplicada a Agropecuaria, BIOAGRO-UFV, Vicosa, Minas Gerais