Jian-Ren Xu, Xin-Qing Zhao, Chen-Guang Liu and Feng-Wu Bai* Pages 202 - 207 ( 6 )
Background: The major carbohydrate components of lignocellulosic biomass are cellulose and hemicelluloses. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cannot efficiently utilize xylose derived upon the hydrolysis of hemicelluloses. Although engineering the yeast with xylose metabolic pathway has been intensively studied, challenges are still ahead for developing robust strains for lignocellulosic bioethanol production.
Objective: The main objective of this study was to reveal the role of the MIG1 mutant isolated from the self-flocculating S. cerevisiae SPSC01 in xylose utilization, glucose repression and ethanol fermentation by S. cerevisiae.
Methods: The MIG1 mutant was amplified from S. cerevisiae SPSC01 by PCR and MIG1- overexpression-cassette was transformed into S. cerevisiae S288c and xylose-metabolizing strain YB-2625-T through homologous recombination. Yeast growth was measured by colony assay on plates with or without xylose supplementation. Then xylose utilization and ethanol production were further evaluated through flask fermentation when mixed sugars of glucose and xylose at 3:1 and 2:1, respectively, were supplied. Fermentation products were detected by HPLC, and activities of xylose reductase (XR), xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) and xylulokinase (XK) were also measured. The transcription of genes regulated by the expression of the MIG1 mutant was analyzed by RTqPCR. Evolutionary relationship of various MIG1s was developed by gene sequencing and sequence alignment.
Results: No difference was observed for S288c growing with xylose when it was engineered with the overexpression or deletion of its native MIG1, but its growth was enhanced when overexpressing the MIG1 mutant from SPSC01. The submerged culture of YB-2625-T MIG1-SPSC engineered with xylose-metabolic pathway and the MIG1 mutant indicated that xylitol accumulation was decreased, and consequently, more biomass was accumulated. Furthermore, improved activities of the key enzymes such as XR, XDH and XK were detected in YB-2625-T MIG1-SPSC. Evolutionary analysis of MIG1s amplified from S. cerevisiae strains commonly used for ethanol production revealed a close relationship of SPSC01 and YB-2625.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrated the effect of the overexpression of the MIG1 mutant from SPSC01 on xylose utilization of S. cerevisiae. This study could be an alternative strategy for engineering S. cerevisiae with improved xylose utilization.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, MIG1, xylose utilization, evolutionary analysis, mutation, glucose repression.
School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240