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The Immunological Functions of Muramyl Dipeptide Compound Adjuvant on Humoral, Cellular-mediated and Mucosal Immune Responses to PEDV Inactivated Vaccine in Mice

[ Vol. 25 , Issue. 10 ]

Author(s):

Chuan J. Zhou, Jin Chen, Ji B. Hou, Yang Zheng, Yuan N. Yu, Hui He, Yuan P. Zhang, Xiu L. Feng* and Qi S. Zheng*   Pages 908 - 913 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: The muramyl dipeptide compound adjuvant, CVC1303, was one new resigned adjuvant to PEDV inactivated vaccine. Exploring the effects of CVC1303 on the immune induction to PEDV vaccine was of vital importance to the clinical application.

Objectives: Here we explored the functions of CVC1303 on the humoral, cellular and mucosal immune response to PEDV vaccine in mice immunization.

Methods: Mice were twice subcutaneously injected with PEDV vaccine including high, medium and low dosages CVC1303, respectively. On 30th day after the second immunization, sera samples were collected from the immunized mice to measure PEDV-specific IgG and IgG subclasses levels, and lymphocytes were isolated to detect T cell subtype and intracellular IL-4 and IL-6 cytokine productions, and the expressions of co-stimulatory molecule on dendritic cells in the immunized mice. Small intestinal and lung washings were collected on 30th and 47th day after the second immunization to measure PEDV-specific IgA levels, and SP immunohistochemical method staining was employed to analyze the deviations of IgA+ positive cells in the small intestinal of the immunized mice.

Results: Our investigation proved the strong regulatory roles of CVC1303 on PEDV-specific IgG and IgG1 antibody and cytokines productions, and the significant increased CD3+CD4+T cells subpopulation and expressions of co-stimulatory molecules on dendritic cells in the immunized mice. Moreover, our findings verified the significantly enhanced PEDV-specific IgA antibody titers in small intestinal and lung in the mice immunized with PEDV vaccine and CVC1303.

Conclusion: Compound adjuvant CVC1303 could effectively improve the PEDV-specific immune responses and mucosal immune, which provided an experimental basis for the further clinical application of new adjuvant CVC1303 and the development of improvement on the mucosal immune response.

Keywords:

Compound adjuvant CVC1303, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus inactivated vaccine, antibody response, cellularmediated response, DC cell costimulatory factor, IgA.

Affiliation:

Key Laboratory of Animal Microbiology of China's Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, National Research Center of and Technology Veterinary Biologicals Engineering, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, National Research Center of and Technology Veterinary Biologicals Engineering, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, Key Laboratory of Animal Microbiology of China's Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Key Laboratory of Animal Microbiology of China's Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, National Research Center of and Technology Veterinary Biologicals Engineering, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, National Research Center of and Technology Veterinary Biologicals Engineering, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, Key Laboratory of Animal Microbiology of China's Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, National Research Center of and Technology Veterinary Biologicals Engineering, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014

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