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Tracking Higher Order Protein Structure by Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry

[ Vol. 26 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Mark Benhaim, Kelly K. Lee and Miklos Guttman*   Pages 16 - 26 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Structural biology has provided a fundamental understanding of protein structure and mechanistic insight into their function. However, high-resolution structures alone are insufficient for a complete understanding of protein behavior. Higher energy conformations, conformational changes, and subtle structural fluctuations that underlie the proper function of proteins are often difficult to probe using traditional structural approaches. Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange with Mass Spectrometry (HDX-MS) provides a way to probe the accessibility of backbone amide protons under native conditions, which reports on local structural dynamics of solution protein structure that can be used to track complex structural rearrangements that occur in the course of a protein’s function.

Conclusion: In the last 20 years the advances in labeling techniques, sample preparation, instrumentation, and data analysis have enabled HDX to gain insights into very complex biological systems. Analysis of challenging targets such as membrane protein complexes is now feasible and the field is paving the way to the analysis of more and more complex systems.

Keywords:

Hydrogen deuterium exchange, footprinting, protein structure, protein dynamics, structural mass spectrometry, pulse labeling.

Affiliation:

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry Faculty, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry Faculty, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry Faculty, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

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