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Anti-viral Effects of Superpositively Charged Mutant of Green Fluorescent Protein

[ Vol. 26 , Issue. 12 ]

Author(s):

Rouhollah Vahabpour, Parya Basimi, Farzin Roohvand, Hassan Asadi, Gholnaz M. Irani, Rezvan Zabihollahi and Azam Bolhassani*   Pages 930 - 939 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Supercharged GFP proteins were known as effective carriers for delivery of macromolecules into eukaryotic cells as well as fluorescent fusion tags for in vitro and in vivo detection.

Objective: Herein, anti-viral effects of +36 GFP and its anti-tumor effects were studied in vitro and in vivo, respectively.

Methods: We evaluated anti-HIV, anti-HSV, and anti-HCV effects of +36 GFP in vitro using ELISA, and real time PCR as common techniques for their detection, respectively. Moreover, we assessed the role of +36 GFP for eliciting HPV-related anti-tumor effects in mice due to the lack of HPV replication in vitro.

Results: Our data showed that +36 GFP efficiently enter the cells and augment the transfection rate of HPV16E7 antigen, as well. Furthermore, +36 GFP significantly reduced HCV, HIV and HSV replication up to 75%, 49% and 43% in HCV-infected Huh7.5 cells, HIV-infected Hela cells and HSV-infected Vero cells, respectively. On the other hand, mice immunization with +36 GFP complexed with HPV16 E7 antigen (+36GFP + E7) or fused to HPV16 E7 antigen (+36GFP-E7) elicited a higher Th1 cellular immune response with the predominant IgG2a, IgG2b, IFN-γ and Granzyme B levels than those induced by other groups. These regimens protected mice against TC- 1 tumor challenge (~ 67%) compared to E7 protein alone (~ 33%). These data suggested that +36 GFP can act as an anti-viral agent at certain dose due to its high efficiency in cell penetration in vitro and in vivo.

Conclusion: Generally, +36 GFP targets viral replication in vitro as well as helps to suppress the growth of HPV-related tumors in vivo.

Keywords:

Supercharge protein, +36 GFP, sexual viruses, anti-viral effect, anti-tumor property, viral replication.

Affiliation:

Department of Medical Lab Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; Tehran, Department of Hepatitis and AIDS, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Department of Virology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Deputy of Research, Technology and Education, Research Section, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Department of Hepatitis and AIDS, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Department of Hepatitis and AIDS, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Department of Hepatitis and AIDS, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran

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