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Streptokinase: An Efficient Enzyme in Cardiac Medicine

[ Vol. 27 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Muhammad A. Zia*   Pages 111 - 119 ( 9 )

Abstract:


An imbalance in oxygen supply to cardiac tissues or formation of thrombus leads to deleterious results like pulmonary embolism, coronary heart disease and acute cardiac failure. The formation of thrombus requires clinical encounter with fibrinolytic agents including streptokinase, urokinase or tissue plasminogen activator. Irrespective to urokinase and tissue plasminogen activator, streptokinase is still a significant agent in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Streptokinase, being so economical, has an important value in treating cardiac diseases in developing countries. This review paper will provide the maximum information to enlighten all the pros and cons of streptokinase up till now. It has been concluded that recent advances in structural/synthetic biology improved SK with enhanced half-life and least antigenicity. Such enzyme preparations would be the best thrombolytic agents.

Keywords:

Streptokinase, Streptococci, thrombolytic agent, drug, myocardial infarction, fibrinolytic agents.

Affiliation:

Enzyme Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040

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