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EGLLGDVF: A Novel Peptide from Green Mussel Perna viridis Foot Exerts Stability and Anti-inflammatory Effects on LPS-Stimulated RAW264.7 Cells


Ila Joshi and Rasool Abdul Nazeer*   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )


Background: Green mussel Perna viridis is a bivalve mollusc which is native to the Indian coast and can be found in the Indo-Pacific as well as Asia-Pacific regions. This study evaluates the P. viridis Foot (PVF) as a source of an anti-inflammatory peptide.

Objective: To characterize and evaluate the possibility of pro-inflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide (NO) as well as cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 reduction in RAW264.7 cells and to analyze functional aspects of the derived peptide from PVF.

Materials and Methods: The PVF was hydrolysed with different enzymes and the anti-inflammatory activity of hour hydrolysates were evaluated using HRBC Membrane Stabilization (HMS) against hypotonicity induced haemolysis and Albumin Denaturation (AD) inhibition from induced heat assays. Later, the active hour hydrolysate was separated by ultrafiltration and purified using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). Further, the purified peptide’s sequence was identified using LC-MS/MS and functional properties were determined. Also, the peptide was observed for its anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells for pro-inflammatory cytokines, NO production and COX-2 activation.

Results: Among the four enzymes 6th hour alcalase hydrolysate exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity and was sequentially fractioned with molecular weight cut-offs; further active fraction (30-10 kDa) was purified. The active peak-II was identified as EGLLGDVF (849.436 Da) and exhibited decent functional aspects. The peptide successfully reduced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, NO and COX-2 activation; and down-regulated the iNOS and COX-2 protein expression in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.

Conclusion: Our study indicates that EGLLGDVF derived from PVF has potential anti-inflammatory applications applicable in food and pharmaceutical industries.


P. viridis foot, anti-inflammatory peptide, enzymatic hydrolysis, mass spectrometry, functional property, RAW264.7 cells


Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio-engineering, SRM-Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio-engineering, SRM-Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai

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