Dinesh Chand Agrawal, Anjali Yadav, Mohd. Asim Khan, Suman Kundu* and Arvind M. Kayastha* Pages 1046 - 1057 ( 12 )
Background: β-Amylase (EC 126.96.36.199) is a maltogenic enzyme, which releases β-maltose from the non-reducing end of the substrates. The enzyme plays important roles for the production of vaccine, maltiol and maltose rich syrups. Apart from these applications the enzyme protects cells from abiotic as well as oxidative damage. The enzyme is βwell characterized in βplants and microbes and crystal structures of β-amylases βhave been βobtained from sweet potato, soybean and Bacillus cereus.Objective: Find out correlation between structural and functional stability induced by change in pH, temperature and chaotropes. Methods: Activity, intrinsic fluorescence, extrinsic fluorescence, near- and far- ultraviolet circular dichroism spectroscopic measurements were performed. Results: Peaks about 208 nm and 222 nm obtained by near-ultraviolet circular dichroism correspond to α-helix whereas peak at 215 nm shows presence of β-sheet. At pH 2.0, absence of tertiary structures, exposed of hydrophobic regions and presence of substantial secondary structures, revealed the existence of molten globule like state. Temperature induced denaturation studies showed that the enzyme was stable up to 75 ºC and the process was found to be irreversible in nature. Chaotropes dependent equilibrium unfolding studies revealed that at low concentration of chaotropes, ellipticity and intrinsic fluorescence βintensity were βdecreased βwhereas βenzymatic activity remained unchanged, which revealed fenugreek β-amylase is multi-domains enzyme and catalytic βdomain βis more βstable compare to non-catalytic domain. Moreover, the transition was sigmoidal and non-coincidental. Conclusion: Results indicate the probable existence of intermediate states that might perform significant role in physiological process and biotechnological applications.
β-Amylase, cooperative, intermediate, molten globule, fenugreek, circular dichroism.
School of Biotechnology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, School of Biotechnology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, School of Biotechnology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005