Md. Merajul Islam, Md. Jahangir Alam, Fee Faysal Ahmed, Md. Mehedi Hasan and Md. Nurul Haque Mollah* Pages 74 - 83 ( 10 )
Background: Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) has emerged as a key role in the control of many biological processes including protein function, disease incidence, and therapy design. However, the identification of PPI by wet lab experiment is a challenging task, since it is laborious, time consuming and expensive. Therefore, computational prediction of PPI is now given emphasis before going to the experimental validation, since it is simultaneously less laborious, time saver and cost minimizer.Objective: The objective of this study is to develop an improved computational method for PPI prediction mapping on Homo sapiens by using the amino acid sequence features in a supervised learning framework. Methods: The experimentally validated 91 positive-PPI pairs of human protein sequences were collected from IntAct Molecular Interaction Database. Then we constructed three balanced datasets with ratios 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 of positive and negative PPI samples. Then we partitioned each dataset into training (80%) and independent test (20%) datasets. Again each training dataset was partitioned into four mutually exclusive groups of equal sizes for interchanging each group with independent test group to perform 5-fold cross validation (CV). Then we trained candidate seven classifiers (NN, SVM, LR, NB, KNN, AB and RF) with each ratio case to obtain the better PPI predictor by comparing their performance scores. Results: The random forest (RF) based predictor that was trained with 1:2 ratio of positive-PPI and negative-PPI samples based on AAC encoding features provided the most accurate PPI prediction by producing the highest average performance scores of accuracy (93.50%), sensitivity (95.0%), MCC (85.2%), AUC (0.941) and pAUC (0.236) with the 5-fold cross-validation. It also achieved the highest average performance scores of accuracy (92.0%), sensitivity (94.0%), MCC (83.6%), AUC (0.922) and pAUC (0.207) with the independent test datasets in a comparison of the other candidate and existing predictors. Conclusion: The final resultant prediction strongly recommend that the RF based predictor is a better prediction model of PPI mapping on Homo sapiens.
Protein sequence, protein-protein interaction (PPI) prediction, sequence encoding, feature selection, supervised learning framework, performance comparison, random forest.
Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, Department of Mathematics, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Deptartment of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kawazu, Iizuka, Fukuoka, Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205