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Plant Bioactive Peptides: Current Status and Prospects Towards Use on Human Health

Author(s):

Tsun-Thai Chai*, Kah-Yaw Ee, D. Thirumal Kumar, Fazilah Abdul Manan and Fai-Chu Wong   Pages 1 - 20 ( 20 )

Abstract:


Large numbers of bioactive peptides with potential applications in protecting against human diseases have been identified from plant sources. In this review, we summarized recent progress in the research of plant-derived bioactive peptides, encompassing their production, biological effects, and mechanisms. This review focuses on antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and anticancer peptides, giving special attention to evidence derived from cellular and animal models. Studies investigating peptides with known sequences and well-characterized peptidic fractions or protein hydrolysates will be discussed. The use of molecular docking tools to elucidate inter-molecular interactions between bioactive peptides and target proteins is highlighted. In conclusion, the accumulating evidence from in silico, in vitro and in vivo studies to date supports the envisioned applications of plant peptides as natural antioxidants as well as health-promoting agents. Notwithstanding, much work is still required before the envisioned applications of plant peptides can be realized. To this end, future researches for addressing current gaps were proposed.

Keywords:

Anticancer, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, antioxidant, bioactive peptide, molecular dockingAnticancer, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, antioxidant, bioactive peptide, molecular docking

Affiliation:

Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar,, Department of Agriculture and Food Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar,, Department of Integrative Biology, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore,, Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81300, Skudai, Johor,, Center for Biodiversity Research, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar



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