Vikas Raina*, Ranjana Thalore and Jeetu Sharma Pages 1860 - 1868 ( 9 )
<P>Background: Throughout the past few years, numerous Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols, routing protocols, node deployment mechanisms and duty cycle variation schemes have been designed for achieving high throughput, low delay and jitter, and long network lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). In a WSN with static sink, voluminous sensors transmit their sensed data to the sink node. The coordinators mutually present in the range of sensors and sink have to forward a number of packets, which cause rapid depletion of their battery. These coordinators become dead too early resulting in the breakage of the communication channel and formation of energy holes. However, to save energy with a static sink, the duty cycle should be short. A mobile sink is a better option than a static sink if the duty cycle is long, as it balances energy consumption among the sensors. It is well observed that the mobile sink is capable of acquiring homogeneous energy depletion leading to stretched lifetime enhancing network performance. </P><P> Methods: The vital benefaction of this paper is to present a simulation-based analysis of the network performance with a mobile sink having different trajectories of path traversed at different velocities. The intent is to find out the most appropriate and efficient trajectory and a particular velocity for a specific WSN with 100 nodes. The terrain area of the network is 210×210 m2 with the communication range of 20 m. The routing, network and MAC protocols implemented are Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.15.4 respectively. This paper has evaluated and analyzed the influence of lawn mower, elliptical and circular trajectories of a mobile sink moving at different velocities of 0.5, 1 and 2 m/s. The optimum performance is achieved at the velocity of 2 m/s for a circular trajectory of the mobile sink. It is observed that performance has significantly varied with the variation of trajectories and velocities. The notion of precise utilization of sink mobility improves the performance than a static sink. It is equally important to determine the most effective mechanism to implement mobile sinks and to find out the most appropriate scheme out of them. </P><P> Results: The attainment parameters just as total messages received, average end to end delay (seconds), jitter (seconds), throughput (bits per second), number of packets dropped, number of packets dropped due to channel access failure, residual battery (mAh) and network lifetime (hours) for different trajectories such as lawn mower, elliptical and circular at different speeds of 0.5, 1 and 2 m/s of the sink node are evaluated and compared. The simulation results present that the circular trajectory and the velocity of 2 m/s have provided optimum performance. </P><P> Conclusion: The objective was to precisely analyze and evaluate the influence of different trajectories of a mobile sink moving at different velocities in a WSN of 100 nodes to determine the most effective and appropriate trajectory and velocity to optimize the attainments. The intent is to uniform the power exhaustion amidst the sensors. The purpose was to gain the attention of researchers of this field to significantly contribute to novel research.</P>
Mobile sink, IEEE 802.15.4, zigbee, energy-hole problem, AODV protocol, QualNet 6.1, lawn mower trajectory, elliptical trajectory, circular trajectory, wireless sensor network.
Department of Computer Science, Mody University of Science & Technology, Lakshmangarh, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mody University of Science & Technology, Lakshmangarh, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mody University of Science & Technology, Lakshmangarh