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A Review on Computational Approaches for Analyzing Hydrogen- Deuterium (H/D) Exchange of Proteins

[ Vol. 28 , Issue. 4 ]


Thirunavukkarasu Sivaraman*   Pages 372 - 381 ( 10 )


Native state Hydrogen-Deuterium (H/D) exchange method has been used to study the structures and the unfolding pathways for quite a number of proteins. The H/D exchange method is generally monitored using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques. NMR-assisted H/D exchange methods primarily monitor the residue level fluctuation of proteins, whereas MS-assisted H/D exchange methods analyze multifold ensemble conformations of proteins. In this connection, quite a large number of computational tools and algorithms have been developed for processing and analyzing huge amount of the H/D exchange data generated from these techniques. In this review, most of the freely available computational tools associated with the H/D exchange of proteins have been comprehensively reviewed and scopes to improve/ develop novel computational approaches for analyzing the H/D exchange data of proteins have also been brought into fore.


Computational tools, free energy, H/D exchange, NMR, MS, protein stability and folding pathways.


Drug Design and Discovery Lab, Department of Biotechnology, Karpagam Academy of Higher Education (Deemed to be University), Coimbatore – 641021, Tamil Nadu

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