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Effect of Lyotropic Salts on the Stability of a Subtilisin-Like Proteinase from a Psychrotrophic Vibrio-Species, Proteinase K and Aqualysin I.

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Mangnus M. Kristjansson and Olafur Th. Magnusson   Pages 249 - 255 ( 7 )

Abstract:


The stability of three related subtilisin -like proteinases a proteinase from a psychrotrophic Vibrio-species, proteinase K and aqualysin I from the thermophile Thermus aquaticus, to denaturation by GdmSCN, was measured in the presence and absence of selected lyotropic salts (sulfate and thiocyanate). How these salts affect protein stability has been ascribed to their effect on the strength of hydrophobic interactions. The salts affected the stability of the proteinases according to their ranking in the lyotropic salt series. The effect of the salts was smallest, however, on the stability of the cold-adapted Vibrio-proteinase, but largest for the thermophilic aqualysin I. These results suggests that the cold-adapted enzyme may be less dependent on hydrophobic interactions for structural stability than its counterparts adapted to higher temperatures.

Keywords:

LYOTROPIC SALTS, SUBTILISIN-LIKE PROTEINASE, VIBRIO-SPECIES, PROTEINASE K, AQUALYSIN, subtilisin-like proteinases, Thermus aquaticus, proteinases

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry, Science Institute, University of Iceland, 107 Reykjavik, Iceland.



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