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Chronic Wounds: Innovations in Diagnostics and Therapeutics

[ Vol. 25 , Issue. 41 ]

Author(s):

Marieke Haalboom*   Pages 5772 - 5781 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: A major global health issue is the existence of chronic wounds. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment is essential to promote wound healing and prevent further complications. Traditional methods for treatment and diagnosis of chronic wounds have shown to be of limited effectiveness. Therefore, there is a need for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic innovations in chronic wound care. </P><P> Objective: This mini-review aims to provide insight in the current knowledge of the wound healing process and the deficiencies encountered in chronic wounds, which provides a basis for the development of innovations in chronic wound care. Furthermore, promising diagnostic and therapeutic innovations will be highlighted. </P><P> Methods: Literature was searched for recent articles (=<10 years) describing the current knowledge about the wound healing process and chronic wounds. The most promising diagnostic and therapeutic innovations were gathered from articles published in the past 5 years. </P><P> Results/Conclusion: Wound healing is a well-organized process consisting of four phases: coagulation, inflammation, proliferation and wound remodelling. Chronic wounds often stagnate in the inflammatory phase and/or experience an impaired proliferative phase. This mini-review has demonstrated that increased knowledge about the processes involved in wound healing has paved the way for the development of new diagnostic tools and treatments for chronic wounds. Increased knowledge about bacterial invasion and infection in has encouraged researchers to develop diagnostic tools to help clinicians detect these phenomena appropriately and in time. Other researchers have shown that they are able to design/extract biochemical compounds that intervene in the disrupted healing processes in chronic wounds.

Keywords:

Chronic wound, wound healing, diagnostic, therapy, inflammation, proliferation.

Affiliation:

Department of Vascular Surgery/Medical School Twente, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede



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